Mimicry, Fencesitting, and Hybridity Essay

Mimicry, Ambivalence, and Hybridity

Daniel Dafoe's 1719 novel, Johnson Crusoe, is known as a rich text for comprehending the mechanisms of European colonialism and the relationship between the colonizer and the colonized (represented by simply Crusoe and Friday). Dafoe represents Crusoe as being the best incarnation of your Englishman: industrious, self-determining and ready to colonize residents. Crusoe encounters a native and he names him Friday, shows him British, the words of God, and slowly " civilizes” the dark-skinned local. Although the book forecloses any possibility of understanding Friday's knowledge, a visitor could commence to wonder how Friday's regards to Crusoe influences his individual sense of identity. In the novel, all of us only discover Friday as mimicking Crusoe and civilization–but what effects does this mimicry have on the colonized subject matter and mind? And how does mimicry and hybridity influence textual rendering and signification? The term hybridity has become one of the recurrent concepts in postcolonial cultural critique. It is designed to foreclose the diverse types of purity encompassed within essentialist theories. Homi Bhabha is the leading contemporary critic who has tried to disclose the contradictions natural in colonial discourse in order to highlight the colonizer's fencesitting in respect to his position toward the colonized Other. The simple occurrence of the colonized Other within the textual framework is enough evidence of the biformity of the imperialiste text, a great ambivalence that destabilizes their claim for absolute expert or unquestionable authenticity.

Along with Ben Nairn, Homi Bhabha looks at the misunderstandings and hollowness that resistance produces in the minds of such imperialist authors as Rider Haggard, Rudyard Kipling, and At the. M. Forster. But while Nairn sees their very own colonialist special rhetoric as disproportionate for the real decadent economic and political situation of late Victorian England, Bhabha goes as much as to see this imperial delirium...



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